Verbs are words that show an action (sing), occurrence (develop), or state of being (exist). Almost every sentence requires a verb. The basic form of a verb is known as its infinitive. There are two kinds of verbs. One is Helping verbs also called Axeilary verbs and another one is Main or Principal verbs. Look at the diagram and understand.

                                                       VERB

              Definition of the  Verb:

HELPING VERBS                                                                                           MAIN     

PRESENT          PAST             

am         was         – ing form(V4)

is                                                                                    “Be” forms

are     were        Past participle(V3) in Pasive Vioce

Has

Have     had          past participle form  ( V3)         “Have” forms

Do              

Does     did        Present form (V1)                             “ Do” forms

Will    –  would

Shall –   should

Can    –   could

May –    might

Must  – had to/ must

Has to   –   had to                       Present form( V1)  “Model” forms

Have to  – had to

Dare    — dare 

Used to  — used to

Aught to – aught to

Main verb : The main verb again has two variotions. Regular verbs and Ireegular verbs.  All regular verbs are ended with –ed in V2 and V3. Irregular verbs are different forms. . A few verbs may be matched or may not be matched  with V2 and V3. Some times the three forms ( V1 , V2 and V3 ) may be the same.

  1.  REGULAR   form of Verbs are ended with –ed in V2 and V3
Present form  ( V1)Past form ( V2)Past participle (V3)Present participle ( V4)
AcceptAcceptedAcceptedAccepting
AchieveAchievedAchievedAchieving
AddAddedAddedAdding
AdmireAdmiredAdmirerAdmiring
AdmitAdmittedAdmittedAdmitting
AdoptAdoptedAdoptedAdopting
AdviseAdvisedAdvisedAdvising
AgreeAgreedAgreedAgreeing
AllowAllowedAllowedAllowing
AnnounceAnnouncedAnnouncedAnnouncing
AppreciateAppreciatedAppreciatedAppreciating
ApproveApprovedApprovedApproving
ArgueArguedArguedArguing
ArriveArrivedArrivedArriving
AskAskedAskedAsking
AssistAssistedAssistedAssisting
AttackAttackedAttackedAttacking
BakeBakedBakedBaking
BegBeggedBeggedBegging
BehaveBehavedBehavedBehaving
BoilBoiledBoiledBoiling
BorrowBorrowedBorrowedBorrowing
BrushBrushedBrushedBrushing
BurryBurriedBurriedBurrying
CallCalledCalledCalling
ChallengeChallengedChallengedChallenging
ChangeChangedChangedChanging
ChaseChasedChasedChasing
CheatCheatedCheatedCheating
CheerCheeredCheeredCheering
ChewChewedChewedChewing
ClapClappedClappedClapping
CleanCleanedCleanedCleaning
CollectCollectedCollectedCollecting
CompareComparedComparedComparing
ComplainComplainedComplainedComplaining
ConfessConfessedConfessedConfessing
ConstructConstructedConstructedConstructing
ControlControlledControlledControlling
CopyCopiedCopiedCopying
CountCountedCountedCounting
CreateCreatedCreatedCreating
CryCriedCriedCrying
CycleCycledCycledCycling
DamageDamagedDamagedDamaging
DanceDancedDancedDancing
DeliverDeliveredDeliveredDelivering
DestroyDestroyedDestroyedDestroying
DivideDividedDividedDividing
DragDraggedDraggedDragging
EarnEarnedEarnedEarning
EmployEmployedEmployedEmploying
EncourageEncouragedEncouragedEncouraging
EnjoyEnjoyedEnjoyedEnjoying
EstablishEstablishedEstablishedEstablishing
EstimateEstimatedEstimatedEstimating
ExerciseExercisedExercisedExercising
ExpandExpandedExpandedExpanding
ExplainExplainedExplainedExplaining
FryFriedFriedFrying
GatherGatheredGatheredGathering
GreetGreetedGreetedGreeting
GuessGuessedGuessedGuessing
HarassHarassedHarassedHarassing
HateHatedHatedHating
HelpHelpedHelpedHelping
HopeHopedHopedHoping
IdentifyIdentifiedIdentifiedIdentifying
InterruptInterruptedInterruptedInterrupting
IntroduceIntroducedIntroducedIntroducing
IrritateIrritatedIrritatedIrritating
JokeJokedJokedJoking
JumpJumpedJumpedJumping
KickKickedKickedKicking
KillKilledKilledKilling
KissKissedKissedKissing
LaughLaughedLaughedLaughing
LieLiedLiedlieing
LikeLikedLikedLiking
ListenListenedListenedListening
LoveLovedLovedLoving
MarryMarriedMarriedMarrying
MeasureMeasuredMeasuredMeasuring
MoveMovedMovedMoving
MurderMurderedMurderedMurdering
NeedNeededNeededNeeding
ObeyObeyedObeyedObeying
OffendOffendedOffendedOffending
OfferOfferedOfferedOffering
OpenOpenedOpenedOpening
PaintPaintedPaintedPainting
ParkParkedParkedParking
PhonePhonedPhonedPhoning
PickPickedPickedPicking
PlayPlayedPlayedPlaying
PrayPrayedPrayedPraying
PrintPrintedPrintedPrinting
PullPulledPuledPulling
PunchPunchedPunchedPunching
PunishPunishedPunishedPunishing
PurchasePurchasedPurchasedPurchasing
PushPushedPushedPushing
QuestionQuestionedQuestionedQuestioning
RaceRacedRacedRacing
RelaxRelaxedRelaxedRelaxing
RememberRememberedRememberedRemembering
ReplyRepliedRepliedReplying
RetireRetiredRetiredRetiring
ReturnReturnedReturnedReturning
RubRubbedRubbedRubbing
ScoldScoldedScoldedScolding
SelectSelectedSelectedSelecting
SmokeSmokedSmokedSmoking
SnoreSnoredSnoredSnoring
StareStaredStaredStaring
StartStartedStartedStarting
StudyStudiedStudiedStudying
TalkTalkedTalkedTalking
ThankThankedThankedThanking
TravelTravelledTravelledTravelling
TroubleTroubledTroubledTroubling
TypeTypedTypedTyping
UseUsedUsedUsing
VisitVisitedVisitedVisiting
WaitWaitedWaitedWaiting
WalkWalkedWalkedWalking
WantWantedWantedWanting
WarnWarnedWarnedWarning
WinkWinkedWinkedWinking
WorryWorriedWorriedWorrying
YellYelledYelledYelling

 IRREGULAR VERBS

RULE NO. 1: All three forms of the verb V1, V2 and V3 are different individually.

Present form (V1) Past form (V2)                      Past paticiple (V3) Present participle (V4)
AriseAroseArisenArising
AwakeAwokeAwokenAwaking
BearBoreBorn(e)Bearing
BeatBeatBeatenBeating
BeginBeganBegunBeginning
BiteBitBittenBiting
BlowBlewBlownBlowing
BreakBrokeBrokenBreaking
DoDidDoneDoing
DrawDrewDrawnDrawing
DrinkDrankDrunkDrinking
DriveDroveDrivenDriving
EatAteEatenEating
FallFellFallenFalling
FlyFlewFlownFlying
ForbidForbadeForbiddenForbiding
ForgetForgotForgottenForgetting
ForgiveForgaveForgivenForgiving
FreezeFrozeFrozenFreezing
GiveGaveGivenGiving
GoWentGoneGoing
GrowGrewGrownGrowing
HideHidHiddenHiding
KnowKnewKnownKnowing
Lie (in bed)LayLainlieing (in bed)
Lie (to not tell the truth)LiedLiedlying (to not tell the truth)
MowMowedMown/mowedMowing
OvertakeOvertookOvertakenOvertaking
RideRodeRiddenRiding
RingRangRungRinging
RiseRoseRisenRising
SeeSawSeenSeeing
ShakeShookShakenShaking
ShowShowedShownShowing
ShrinkShrankShrunkShrinking
SingSangSungSinging
SinkSankSunkSinking
SowSowedSown/sowedSowing
SpeakSpokeSpokenSpeaking
StealStoleStolenStealing
StinkStankStunkStinking
SwearSworeSwornSwearing
SwellSwelledSwollen/swelledSwelling
SwimSwamSwumSwimming
SwingSwungSwungSwinging
TakeTookTakenTaking
TearToreTornTearing
ThrowThrewThrownThrowing
WakeWokeWokenWaking
WearWoreWornWearing
WriteWroteWrittenWriting

 RULE 2:  All three forms of the verbs ( V1, V2, and V3) are the same

 Present Form         (V1)          Simple Past          (V2)Past Participle            (V3)Present participle                (V4)
BetBetBetBetting
CostCostCostCosting
CutCutCutCutting
HitHitHitHitting
HurtHurtHurtHurting
LetLetLetLetting
PutPutPutPutting
ShutShutShutShutting
SpreadSpreadSpreadSpreading
BroadcastBroadcastBroadcastBroadcasting
BurstBurstBurstBursting
ForecastForecastForecastForecasting
ShedShedShedShedding
SlitSlitSlitSlitting
UndercutUndercutUndercutUndercutting
UpsetUpsetUpsetUpsetting
RetrofitRetrofitRetrofitRetrofitting

RULE 3:  The  V2 and V3 forms of the verb are the same

 Present Form         (V1)          Simple Past          (V2)Past Participle            (V3)Present participle                (V4)
loselostlostLosing
shootShotShotShooting
GetGotGotGetting
LightLitLitLighting
sitSatSatSitting
KeepKeptKeptKeeping
SleepSleptSleptSleeping
feelFeltFeltFeeling
LeaveLeftLeftLeaving
MeetMetMetMeeting
BringBroughtBroughtBringing
BuyBoughtBoughtBuying
FightFoughtFoughtFighting
ThinkThoughtThoughtThinking
TeachTaughtTaughtTeaching
CatchCaughtCaughtCatching
SellSoldSoldSelling
TellToldToldTelling
PayPaidPaidPaying
MakeMadeMadeMaking
StandStoodStoodStanding
understandUnderstoodUnderstoodUnderstanding
LendLentLentLending
BendBentBentBending
sendSentSentSending
SpendSpentSpentSpending
BuildBuiltBuiltBuilding
FindFoundFoundFinding
HaveHadHadHaving
hearHeardHeardHearing
HoldHeldHeldHolding
readReadReadReading
saysaidsaidSaying

Mental Related Verbs.

Rule no 4: The following verbs are Mental Related verbs. Such verbs are not used in continuous form. Fill in the colomns of V2 and V3 by searching the verbs in the lists given above.

 

Present form (V1)Past form (V2)Pasr participle(V3)
Understand  
Believe  
Doubt  
Know  
Think  
Suppose  
Recognise  
Forget  
Remember  
Concern  
Surprise  
Impress  
Please  
Astonish  
Appear  
Realise  
Satisfy  
Promise  
Deny  
Agree  
Mean  
Imagine  

 

The Possession Relateed Verbs:

Rule No:5. The following list of verbs are Possession Related Verbs. Such verbs are not used in continuous form. Fill in the colomns of V2 and V3 by searching the verbs in the lists given above.

 

Present form (V1)Past form (V2)Pasr participle(V3)
Own  
Possess  
Have  
Lack  
Consist  
Contain  
Belong  
Include  
Involve  

 

The Emotion related verbs:

Rule No. 6: The following list of verbs are Emotion Related verbs. Such verbs are not used in continuous form. Fill in the colomns of V2 and V3 by searching the verbs in the lists given above.

Present form (V1)Past form (V2)Pasr participle(V3)
Want  
Like  
Love  
Hate  
Appreciate  
Mind  
Hope  
Value  
Wish  
Need  
Dislike  
Prefer  
Desire  
Adore  

Rule No.7: The following are the related to verbs Sense Oragans.  Such verbs are not used in continuous form. Fill in the colomns of V2 and V3 by searching the verbs in the lists given above.

Present form (V1)Past form (V2)Pasr participle(V3)
See  
Hear  
Taste  
Feel  
Smell  

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