RULES FOR SYLLABICATION
**Every syllable has one vowel sound.
**The number of vowel sounds in a word equals the number of syllables.
- A one syllable word is never divided
Eg: safe, car, plane.
- Divide a compound word between the words that make up the compound word
Eg : rail • road, air • port, play • ground, foot • ball,tooth • brush.
- When a word has a suffix with a vowel sound in it, divide theword between the base word and the suffix
Eg : help • ing, leav • ing,kind • ness, thank • ful.
- When a word has a prefix, divide the word between the prefix and the base word,
Eg: re • fresh, dis • count, mis • fit, un • tie.
- When two or more consonants come between two vowels in a word, the word is usually divided between the first two consonants.
Eg: don • key,sis • ter, but • ter, hun • gry.
- Consonant blends and digraphs are never separated .
Eg: rest • ing,bush • el, reach • ing.
- When a word has a ck or an x in it, the word is usually divided after the ck or x
Eg: nick • el, tax • i.
- When a single consonant comes between two vowels in a word, it is usually divided after the consonant if the vowel is short
Eg: lev • er,cab • in, hab • it.
- When a single consonant comes between two vowels in a word, it is usually divided before the consonant if the vowel is long
Eg: ba • sin,fe • ver, ma • jor.
- When two vowels come together in a word, and are sounded separately,divide the word between the two vowels
Eg: ra • di • o, di • et, i • de • a.
- When a vowel is sounded alone in a word, it forms a syllable itself
Eg: grad • u • ate, a • pron, u • nit.
- . When be, de, ex, and re are at the beginning of a word, they make a syllable of their own
Eg: be • came, de • fend, ex • hale, re • main.
- When a word ends in le, preceded by a consonant, the word is divided before that consonant.
Eg: pur • ple, fum • ble, mid • dle.
- When a word ends in –ed, it forms a syllable ONLY when preceded by d or t
Eg: start • ed, found • ed.
- When ture and tion are at the end or a word, they make their own syllable
Eg: lo • tion, pos • ture.
- Divide between two middle consonants. Split up words that have two middle consonants
Eg: hap • pen, bas • ket, let • ter, sup • per, din • ner