RULES FOR SYLLABICATION

**Every syllable has one vowel sound.

**The number of vowel sounds in a word equals the number of syllables.

  1. A one syllable word is never divided

Eg: safe, car, plane.

  • Divide a compound word between the words that       make up the compound word

      Eg : rail • road, air • port, play • ground, foot •   ball,tooth • brush.

  •  When a word has a suffix with a vowel sound in it, divide theword between the base word and the suffix

Eg :  help • ing, leav • ing,kind • ness, thank • ful.

  • When a word has a prefix, divide the word between the prefix and the base word,

Eg: re • fresh, dis • count, mis • fit, un • tie.

  • When two or more consonants come between two vowels in a word, the word is usually divided between the first two consonants.

Eg: don • key,sis • ter, but • ter, hun • gry.

  • Consonant blends and digraphs are never separated .

Eg: rest • ing,bush • el, reach • ing.      

  • When a word has a ck or an x in it, the word is usually divided after the ck or x

Eg: nick • el, tax • i.

  • When a single consonant comes between two vowels in a word, it is usually divided after the consonant if the vowel is short

Eg: lev • er,cab • in, hab • it.

  • When a single consonant comes between two vowels in a word, it is usually divided before the consonant if the vowel is long

Eg: ba • sin,fe • ver, ma • jor.

  1. When two vowels come together in a word, and are sounded separately,divide the word between the two vowels 

Eg:  ra • di • o, di • et, i • de • a.

  1. When a vowel is sounded alone in a word, it forms a syllable itself

          Eg: grad • u • ate, a • pron, u • nit.

  1. . When be, de, ex, and re are at the beginning of a word, they make a syllable of their own

Eg: be • came, de • fend, ex • hale, re • main.

  1. When a word ends in le, preceded by a consonant, the word is divided before that consonant.

Eg: pur • ple, fum • ble, mid • dle.

  1. When a word ends in –ed, it forms a syllable ONLY when preceded by d or t

Eg: start • ed, found • ed.

  1. When ture and tion are at the end or a word, they make their own syllable  

Eg: lo • tion, pos • ture.

  1. Divide between two middle consonants. Split up words that have two middle consonants

Eg: hap • pen, bas • ket, let • ter, sup • per, din • ner

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